SydneyPioneerRailwayWorks wrote:What was Australia's first loco? Is it the one that ran on the first railway in Melbourne? I've never actually seen a photograph or drawing of this locomotive.
Yes, the Melbourne-Sandridge line (12 Sept 1854), built and operated by the Melbourne and Hobson's Bay Railway Company, was operational just over a year before the Sydney-Parramatta line (25 Sept 1855). Because it was completed ahead of schedule the two locomotives ordered from Robert Stephenson & Co. had not been delivered, so the first two steam locomotives in Australia were built locally by Robertson, Martin and Smith (one of which was a goods truck with a converted pile-driver engine!). The Victorian Railways: Celebrating 150 years of Victorian Railways web site
has this undated photo of a Hobson's Bay 0-2-0:
This is probably not one of the four locomotives built by Stephenson which arrived in March, 1855 (named Melbourne
, and Yarra
). The Melbourne
, subsequently sold to the St. Kilda and Brighton Railway Company on 1 Feb 1861, were 2-4-0WT (WT=Well Tank) configurations. If we assume the Victoria
were the same then this picture may well be of the very first steam locomotive in Australia.